Kiev region is situated in the northern part of Ukraine: in the basin of the
Dnipro river and its tributaries – the Ros', the Desna, the Irpen', The
Trubizh, the Pryp'iat' rivers, etc. The region is divided into 25
administrative districts. There are 10 cities of regional subordination, 14
towns of district subordination, 29 settlements of urban type, 1134 rural
settlements in its territory.
The territory of the region covers 28.1 thousand sq. km.
(4.7% of the area of Ukraine). It borders on the Zhytomyr, the Vinnytsia, the
Cherkasy, the Poltava, the Chernihiv region, as well as on the Gomel region of
The state administration together with executive
committees of city councils defends the rights and legitimate interests of the
citizens, ensures the complex social and economic development of the territory
and implements the state policy in administrative spheres specified by law.
The regional and district state administrations leaded by
local heads of administration are the bodies of the state executive power in
the region and its districts. The executive committees act in the cities of
regional subordination, they are headed by city presidents electing by
Population – 1808.3 thousand persons.
The density of population amounts to 64 people per 1 sq.km.
58% of the total population lives in towns and cities, and 42% is rural
and climatic features. As regards its relief the Kiev region is, for the
greater part, a plain. The southern part of its territory is cut by ravines
and gullies. Soils are for the most part chernozyom (black earth) – meadows,
sod-podzols and forest type loams (the proportion of cultivated area amounts
to over 60%). The climate is moderately continental. The average temperature
in January is -6°C, in July +19°C. The mean annual rainfall amounts to 570-610
Minerals: peat, brown coal, sand for glass production,
limestone, brick and tile earth, granite. There is an amber deposit in the
Kiev region ranks among the leading regions of Ukraine as regards the level of
industrial development. With peculiarities of productive forces taken into
account, there are three economic subdistricts in the territory of the region,
namely, the Polissia, the Kiev suburban and the Southern forest-steppe
The following branches of industry are developed in
Polissia: produce processing industry.
The central suburban subdistrict is specialized in machine
building industry, electric power industry, woodworking industry, wood-pulp
and paper industry, there is a well-developed light industry and food industry
in this subdistrict.
The specialization of the Southern forest-steppe
subdistrict consists in machine-building industry, petrochemical industry,
food industry, in particular sugar industry, and light branches of industrial
The basis of the industrial potential of the region
consists in 345 big and middle enterprises. The leading enterprises have all-state
significance, among them: the Trypillia steam power plant, the Brovary plant
of powder metallurgy, the Kiev integrated carton-and-paper mill (in the town
of Obukhiv), which is the biggest one in Europe, the well-known far from
Ukraine tire manufacturer – the "Rosava" Public Joint-Stock Company (in the
town of Bila Tserkov), manufacturer of excavators – the "Boreks" Public
Joint-Stock Company (in the town of Borodyanka), of chemical equipment – the "Chervony
Zhovten" Public Joint-Stock Company (in the town of Fastov), etc.
Kiev region has the well-developed agriculture.
Cereals and fodder crops are the staple plant-growing
As to the output of main agricultural products the Kiev
region ranks among the leading regions of Ukraine.
“Poultry-farm “Ukraine” Open Joint-Stock Company of the
Vasilkov district is one of the leading enterprises on egg-production.
The enterprises of the region producing food products also
rank among the leading enterprises of Ukraine. The “Yahotin a creamery plant”
Public Joint-Stock Company of the Kiev region is the leader in butter output
and its quality, and the “Kiev meat processing and packing plant” Public
Joint-Stock Company in the town of Vishneve is the leader as to meat and
The managing practice of last years testifies the
amalgamation of farm holdings in form of more efficient managerial structures
be expedient. The examples are the Private Factory “Svitanok” of the Vasylkov
district, agricultural product cooperation “Khliborob” of the Vasilkov
district, agricultural cooperation “Peremoga” of the Kaharlik district, Public
Joint-Stock Company “Sinyavske” of the Rokitne district, the “Pusch-Vodytsia”
THE BUILDING COMPLEX
building complex of the Kiev region integrates over 300 building organizations
and enterprises of building industry. Their potential allows to manufacture
780 million pieces of conventional brick, 950 thousand cub.m. of combine
reinforud concrete, 500 thousand sq.m. of joinery, 340 thousand sq.m. of
large-panel apartment houses annually.
FOREIGN ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES
The spesial ecjnjmic zone “Slavutich” (SEZ “Slavutich”)
The following act determines the order of formation, abatement and
peculiarities of the functional mechanism of the Special Economic Zone "Slavutich".
The Special Economic Zone "Slavutich" (SEZ "Slavutich") is
formed till the 1st of January of 2020 within the limits of "Slavutich" Region.
Subjects of the SEZ "Slavutych" may be businesses,
affiliates, branches and other structural departments located in the SEZ "Slavutych"
area that are registered by the SEZ Administration and implement investment
projects approved by the Slavutych. Elected Council with the total value of at
least USD 200,000 un the basis of the agreement (contract) specifying the
terms and conditions of project implementation.
tax concessions of profit and value-added taxes, social insurance compulsory
payment for the case of unemployment and State Innovative Fund tax are granted
to SEZ "Slavutich" registered agents by this law.
1.The SEZ "Slavutich" registered agents which import the
raw material, materials, equipment, accessories (except the excisable ones) to
the SEZ "Slavutich" for the requirements of their domestic production of the
projects registered by the Slavutich Town State administration are free of
import tax for the period of the duration of these projects.(5 years)
2. The SEZ "Slavutich" registered agents which import the
equipment and accessories for their domestic production requirements (except
the excisable ones) are free of value-added tax if their investment projects
are registered by the Slavutich Town State Administration.(5 years)
3. The transactions are free of licenses and quotations
for the SEZ "Slavutich" agents if:
the import transaction to the SEZ "Slavutich" contains the
equipment and/or goods for the agents' domestic production requirements;
the export transaction contains goods which were
manufactured, completely reprocessed or finished on the territory of SEZ "Slavutich";
except otherwise indicated by the agreements between
Ukraine and other countries.
The goods manufactured, completely reprocessed or finished
on the territory of SEZ "Slavutich" are goods which satisfy the requirements
of the Single Customs Duty act of Ukraine.
4. The SEZ "Slavutich" registered agents' profits are free
of profit tax during the first three years of the investment project
implementation if this project is registered by the Slavutich Town State
50 per cent of the current rate of taxation applies to the
profits received by the SEZ "Slavutich" agents during the following three
years from implementation of the above-mentioned investment projects.
This regulation applies to the SEZ "Slavutich" agents
since the date of receiving their first profit from the investment project
from the investment project activity.
The payment procedure of profits received from the
realization of the registered investment projects is fixed by the State Fiscal
Administration of Ukraine.
5. The SEZ "Slavutich" subjects are free of the social
insurance compulsory payment if they realize the investment projects
registered by the Slavutich Town State Administration.
6. The SEZ "Slavutich" subjects are free of the State
Innovative Fund tax if they realize the investment projects registered by the
Slavutich Town State Administration.
7. The SEZ "Slavutich" registered subjects – landowners
and landusers – are free of land tax payment during the first three years of
their investment projects implementation if these projects are registered by
the Slavutich Town State Administration. They pay 50 per cent of the
current land tax rate during the following years of the above-mentioned
The Kiev region is covered with dense network of
automobile roads and railways, their total length amounts to 8200 and 800 km,
respectively. The trunk roads of international significance: Lviv - Kharkiv,
Lviv - Moscow, St. Petersburg - Odessa and others, cross the territory of the
The region has railway communication with all parts of
Ukraine and with other countries of CIS. The international expresses cross its
territory on their way to all states of Eastern Europe.
"Boryspil", the international-class airport, is the
biggest air gate of Ukraine. It provides regular air flights to over 30 states
of the world. There are two more airfields in the region, which are available
for cargo transport aircrafts.
The "Sybir - Western Europe" gas main which passes through
the territory of the region has promoted the construction of a dense network
of gas mains. Besides, there are a number of fuel pipe-lines (benzine, Diesel
oil) passing through the territory of the Kiev region.
The Kiev region is the motherland for fundamental
scientific researches. The selection studies carried out at the Myronivka
Scientific and Research Institute for wheat selection and seed-growing named
after V.M.Remeslo has the world-wide significance. Such wheat varieties as "Myronivska
264", "Myronivska 808", "Myronivska yuvileina", "Mriia-1" are well-known far
The Institute of Horticulture of the Ukrainian Academy of
Agrarian Sciences develops scientific basis for intensification of
horticulture, berry-culture, seedling-culture, conservation and proceeding of
fruit and berry products, selection of new fruit and berry cultures using the
traditional methods and modern results of applied genetics and genetic
engineering. The special attention must be paid to winter-hardy, scab
protected pear-trees ("Etiud", "Stryiska", "Khrystyianka"), apple-trees of
intensive type ("Askold", "Teremok"), column-shaped apple-trees ("Vertykal'",
"Tantsivnytsia"), new sorts of black current with complex oligogene
resistibility to diseases and pests.
There is the Institute of Agriculture Mechanization and
Electrification in the Kiev region, it designs end implements the agricultural
The Potato Institute of the Ukrainian Academy of Agrarian
Sciences is the principal institution of the Scientific and Methodological
Center for Potato Problems in Ukraine.
The main top-priority directions of its scientific studies
new competitive varieties of potatoes, which possess good culinary and
gustatory quality. Among 74 varieties of potatoes filed in the Register of
Plant Varieties of Ukraine, 39 varieties (or 53%) are selected in this
and development of technologies of seed material accelerated sanitation
and invigoration to create elite varieties of potato. The implementation
of biotechnological methods allows to diminish the period to create elite
variety to 3-4 years;
and development of energy saving technologies to produce seed and food
potatoes ensures the yield of 250-350 metric centners per hectare;
and development of storage technologies and potato processing to obtain
different food products.
There are 3 higher educational institutions in the region,
7 educational institutions of I-II accreditation level (training schools,
professional schools, colleges), 22 technical schools, the higher pedagogical
school of kobzar (Ukrainian folk singer) art, 794 state secondary schools and
4 private schools.
PUBLIC HEALTH, SPORTS
The Kiev region is the important medical center of Ukraine
with 1036 medical institutions, including 160 hospitals, 334 policlinics, 157
sanatoria and resort establishments. Policlinics and hospitals are of a high
level of specialization, which meets the requirements of population. Any kind
of medical assistance is available.
The mass physical culture and sport are of great
importance in the social development of the Kiev region. There are 46 stadiums,
over 100 sport areas, shooting galleries, skiing centers, 30 swimming pools,
750 sport halls open for the population.
78 sport schools for children and youth, a physical
culture college in the town of Brovary, and lycee in the town of Bila Tserkva,
the regional school of excellence is in the region. Over 300 pupils of capital
region are the members of the principle and reserve national teams of Ukraine
in different sports.
There are such world-known sportsmen as Oleksandr Bagach,
track-and-field athletics European champion, Serhii Matvieiev, cycling world
champion, Tetiana Vodop'ianova, biathlon world championship prize winner,
Iryna Taranenko-Terelia, Nagano Olympic Games biathlon prize winner among them.
HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL HERITAGE
the center of Ukraine, on both banks of mighty Dnipro the Kiev land is spread
over. Archeological memorials of the Trypil'ska, the Cherniakhivska, the
Lebedivska and the Sofiivska culture named as appropriate settlements of the
region, witnesses of ancient history of this land.
In the first millennium A.C. at the territory of the
modern Kiev region the main body of the Polianie tribe that resided along the
middle Dnipro between the Ros' and the Irpen rivers was shaped. Other Slav
tribes concentrated around it. The completion of this process resulted in
creation of the Rus State with its centre in Kiev, which was named by a
chronicler as the "Mother of Russian towns".
The genial work of literature – "The Story of Ihor's Squad"
– written by a participant in battles against Polovets tribes near Pereiaslav
in 1187 is closely associated with the Kiev land. The Kiev land was the
ethnographic centre where the process of Ukrainian nation formation was going
on, it was the origin of Ukrainian Cossacks.
Anti-feudal peasant and Cossack uprising if 1594-1596
leaded by courageous Severyn Nalyvaiko was a vivid page in the history of
struggle of Ukrainian and Bilorrusian peoples against merciless exploitation
and enslaving of peasants, against expansion of Polish feudals and Catholic
The Kiev land residents took an active part in the
uprising leaded by T.Fedorovych (Triasylo) in 1630. T.H.Shevchenko glorified
the decisive victory of the insurgents in his "Tarasova Nich" poem.
The Kiev land played the leading part in the war of
liberation in 1648-1654 under Bohdan Khmelnytskyi leadership.
In the eighties – nineties of the XVII century and at the
beginning of the XVIII century the Kiev land became the center of new
liberation movement against supremacy of Polish gentry, S.Palii, Z.Iskra,
S.Samus’ headed it.
The names of M.Shvachko, A.Zhurba, I.Bondarenko – the
leaders of haydamak movement of 1768 - have gone down in the history of
Ukraine for ever.
Natural resources of the Kiev land gain an important place
in the diversity of Ukrainian nature. Illustrious "Oleksandiia" dendropark (town
of Bila Tserkva) that is 200-year old is rightfully considered a pearl of the
Charming soul of our people, his dreams and songs inspired
our outstanding artists: H.Skovoroda, T.Shevchenko, Marko Vobchok, M.Hohol,
I.Nechui-Levytskyi, Sholom Aleikhem, Dniprova Chaika, M.Lysenko, K.Stetsenko,
Picturesque scenery of this land, tragic and at the same
time heroic history, heritage of ancient culture, example of unforgettable
talented predecessors, undoubtedly have influenced outlook and spiritual life
of our contemporary that was reflected in the rich and diverse creative work.
Now in the Kiev region functions highly developed network
of cultural institutions that comprises 908 houses of culture and clubs, 965
libraries, 56 schools of aesthetic education and regional college of culture,
Ukrainian music and drama theater named after P.K. Saksahanskyi, House of
Organ and Chamber Music, "Kievschina" concert artistic organization, "Academia"
symphony orchestra, 237 museums including worldwide known "Pereiaslav"
National historic and ethnographic reservation. This complex consists of 25
thematic museums of different type, historic museum and museum of rushnik (Ukrainian
towel), folk architecture and life are among them. Memorial museums and
expositions are devoted to the outstanding persons of persons of the
Pereiaslav land – H.Skovoroda, T.Shevchenko, V.Zabolotnyi, Sholom Aleikhem,
M.Benardos. About 500 thousand unique exhibits are collected in 15 state
museums of the region. Real estate, which is the historical and cultural
heritage of the Kiev land includes 2874 archeological and 2573 historical
memorials, 157 memorials of city building and architecture, 257 art memorials.
Safekeeping of historical and cultural heritage,
development of people's art, arrangement of interesting people's leisure has
become the principal activity of cultural institutions.
Long since the Kiev land has been famed for the works of
decorative and applied art. The names of K.Bilokur, M.Pryimachenko, H.Beres,
I.Prykhod'ko are known throughout the world. Owing to fruitful contacts with
scientist’s folk customs, holidays and rites, handicraft, different people's
arts, specifically singing in chorus, decorative and applied art, fine arts
reappear in the Kiev region. It is actively help by different circles, studios
and children's schools for aesthetic education where more than 14 thousand
polians'ki" folk and ethnographic review in commemoration of outstanding
countryman Pavlo Chubynskyi, creative reviews of choruses named after Kyrylo
Stetsenko, numerous exhibitions attract hundreds of participants and
spectators. At the same time the vanguard art has been also developing.
Masters of art of the Kiev land were originators of the "Slovianskyi bazar"
Accounting peculiarities of the ethnic situation in the
Kiev land much attention is given to development of cultures, languages,
traditions of national minorities. 14 national and cultural societies that
propagate culture of national minorities and keep their traditional spiritual
values are registered and work in the region. With a view to coordinate their
activity the "Yednist' and Zlahoda" national and cultural regional centre has
been created. "Wiedergeburt" German national societies (towns of Bila Tserkva
and Slavutych) participate actively in cultural life.
The regress to the national sources is the leading theme
for regional libraries, the people’s knowledge lessons, literature and musical
parties, the Days of book for children and youth are carried out.
The Kiev land is
the land, which cordiality is sung in its songs. Be blessed, Kiev land! Be
glorious for ever!.